Thursday, December 27, 2007

Northern KY's RiverCenter Project

Master planned as an urban redevelopment that encompassed all aspects of private and public cooperation, RiverCenter was officially proposed to the city of Covington in 1988. Opening May 1990, RiverCenter composed of an eleven acre complex which included an eighteen story office building, a two-hundred and thirty roomed Embassy Suites hotel and Covington Landing which had two floating facilities that housed restaurants, shops, entertainment activities and riverboat excursions. At the time, Covington Landing was deemed the largest floating entertainment facility on a US inland waterway. Corporex Companies Inc of Ft. Wright was commissioned to develop the on land portion of RiverCenter. BnW was commissioned to develop the floating portion. North/south oriented, RiverCenter is bound by Court St., Second St., Madison St., and the Ohio River. Champion Ice Co. building, which was on the National Register of Historic Buildings, was demolished in to make way.

Monday, December 24, 2007

Racism: Deconstructed

People have been trying to analyze the reason why people are racist for a number of years now. They have also tried many different ways to measure the level of racism in schools and in the workplace. The conclusions from these types of studies have lead to many different hypothesis. One of those hypothesis has lead to the answer of hate. Other hypothesis has lead to other causes of racism such as ignorance of the unknown. I believe that the arguments that has lead to the figuring out of both cause are valid, but there is a prevailing reason that I feel stands out more than all of them and that is the struggle for power.

Mankind has an undeniable history of struggling for power. Many scientist even believe that the struggle for power is an innate thing that is embedded into the psyche of the human mind. Whether it was the struggle for power over land, natural resources or simply the human mind. These people that were trying to gain power thought that it would be easier to do so if they justified their reasoning for gaining power and why the other group did not deserve to have any. This way it would be easier to make the lower class people believe that they were not entitled to the power, making the power hungry peoples job a lot easier. Some groups in power looked at many different criteria to justify the haves and the have-nots, like class designations, living conditions, living areas, family lineage and physical characteristics.

This determination to the accessibility to power, today, has manifested into the designation of power based on race. We commonly call this racism. Through out the history of the United States, we have seen the group with a lot of power (whites) continue to persecute those with seemingly no power (African Americans) so that power could stay in the hands of the whites and out of the hands of the African Americans. The first evidence of this accrued during the slave period that was witnessed in the United States. During this time period, it was illegal for slaves to be given the skills that would enable them to gain power later on in life. African Americans were not allowed to learn how to read, or even go to school. They were banned from having their young masters and mistresses teaching them the things that they learned at school, and were beaten and even killed if they were found to be learning to read. A reason why slaves were persecuted for learning how to read because it was very easy to tell whom where not able to partake in these adventures because the difference in skin color in whites and African Americans were so noticeable.

Another area where evidence of whites being racist because of their need for power is seen during the Civil Rights Era of the 1950’s and 1960’s here in the United States. African Americans implemented a massive effort to gain power with the right to vote and the integration of schools, but were continually thwarted because whites did not want them to have the power to do so.

Racism can be many things. It could be name calling, discrimination, have a person purposely give you incorrect information, but the underlying thing that makes an action racist is if it is done primarily because of your race and it causes you to not have power and the other person to have power.

Friday, December 21, 2007

Its Not ALL Our Fault

In the preface to Losing the Race: Self-Sabotage in Black America, John McWhorter writes:

"Black America is currently caught in certain ideological holding patterns that are today much, much more serious barriers to Black well being than is white racism, and constitute nothing less than a continuous, self sustaining act of self-sabotage."

This ideology that McWhorter speaks of consists of three main parts.

The cult of victimolgy, where Blacks see themselves as a victim of society which causes them to think that nothing can be done about their current situation. The second part of McWhorter's ideology consists of the idea of separatism; which causes Blacks to see themselves as a separate entity, where they are "special" and not held accountable to the same societal rules as the rest of the United States. The last part of McWhorter's ideology is anti-intellectualism. This is where Black Americans think that they are not supposed to be "intellectual".

McWhorter's statement in the beginning of his book denotes a distorted view of racism and prejudice against Black’s in America and appears to be very one sided. It is a statement that I do not agree with.

Both the perception of Black Americans and the result of that perception are detrimental to the well being of Black America. Even though McWhorter’s statement may have some validity, once the for mentioned factors have been taken into consideration, it will be shown that these
additional factors are deemed by many to be more dangerous to the welfare of Blacks in America than their “self sustaining act of self-sabotage”.

The perception of Blacks in American has been distorted from the very first moments of the founding of our nation. This distortion of perception was done not to show the good attributes that were inherent in Blacks, but is used as a way for whites to justify their cruel treatment of Blacks. From the early days of slavery to the not so distant days of Jim Crow, whites have used misconceptions and distrust to convince others to look down upon Blacks and try to keep them thought of as living in a sub-culture. Joe Feagin says in book Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations, that Blacks have historically been seen as lazy. He also goes on to say that there are misconceived notions that Black men and woman are heavily sexualized and avid drug users.

These misconceptions have attributed to the implementation of un-established policies, that some see aught to be commonplace. The fist type of these policies is that of most financial institution’s lending procedures. One such lending process is called “Redlining”. Redlining is a form of discrimination in lending and is a problem that has been prevalent for a number of years and has caused problems in both the Black and low-income communities. Redlining is the implanting of unfair terms on borrowers through aggressive sales tactics, taking advantage of borrowers’ lack of understanding of extremely complicated transactions, and outright deception. Redlining keeps the hope of owning a home out of the reach of many and in the worst instances ending in foreclosure. The damage is increased by the fact that Redlining is a procedure that is made in such a concentrated volume in poor and minority neighborhoods, where better loans are not readily available, and the loss of equity and foreclosure can devastate already fragile communities. Even though there has been legislation imposed to fight against redlining the practice still exists.

In the Indelible Color Line” by Gregory D. Squires, Squires lists acts that have been passed to stop financial institution’s discriminatory procedures such as Redlining. He talks of the Fair Housing Act of 1968 and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 which both aided in stopping discrimination based on race by financial institutions in mortgage and other financial transactions, including credit transactions. Squires went on to say that in 1975 the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act which forced mortgage lenders to disclose the area where they have made mortgage transactions. Squires also mentioned that in 1977 Congress enacted the Community Reinvestment Act which forced financial institutions to be more sensitive to the needs of those that reside in the entire area that the financial institution serves.

In more recent years, Congress expanded the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act so that not just the area of the mortgage transaction was disclosed, but also the race, gender, income, census tract location of the applicant and weather of not the applicant was accepted or declined were also disclosed. Even though the for mentioned Congressional Acts have been implemented, there is still evidence that discrimination still exists. In “Of Race and Risk” Patricia Williams chronicles her plight through the home loan process. In this article Williams tells how she was approved for a home loan at a certain rate under the financial institutions misconception of her being white. Once this fact was cleared up and she indicated that she was Black, William’s financial institution wanted “more money, more points and a higher rate of interest.”

Another factor that I feel is more detrimental to the well being of Black American that their ideology of being a victim is the practice of job discrimination. Having a good paying job is necessary in establishing a foundation that will enable Black American to rise out of the strong hold of institutional racism that is omnipotent in lower income areas. In “Is Job Discrimination dead?” Cedric Herring argues that job discrimination is far from being dead. The presence of racial in the job place has taken on a new form so that it is less obvious. Herring states that this “subtle discrimination” is done in a couple of different ways. The first way that this is done is through the way that employees are paid. Herring says that white applicants are offered higher wages and higher profiled positions to white applicants than to applicants of color. Another way the employers try to hide their discriminatory practices is to avoid advertising job positions in the mainstream media. Instead, they advertised in publications that did not circulate to minorities or Black Americans.

After taking a look at some of the other things that can cause Black Americans to be stuck in the proverbial “depths of the inner city”, McWhorter’s statement that the ideology of the Black community is the most detrimental to their well being is not valid. It is the constant use of racially discriminatory procedures by institutions that impose the idea of victimology. These practices should the thing that is deemed more detrimental to the well being of Black Americans, than the ideology of victimology.

Works Cited
Feagin, Joe R. 2001. Racist America: Roots, Current Realities & Future Reparations. New York: Routledge.

Herring, Cedric. “Is Job Discrimination Dead?” In Sociology of the Black Community Course Packet, Professor Dickerson, Autumn 2003

McWhorter, John H. 2000 Losing the Race: Self-Sabotage in Black America New York: The Free Press

Squires, Gregory D. “The Indelible Color Line” In Sociology of the Black Community Course Packet, Professor Dickerson, Autumn 2003

Williams, Patricia. “Of Race and Risk” In Sociology of the Black Community Course Packet, Professor Dickerson, Autumn 2003

Tuesday, December 18, 2007

Censorship of the Internet

Public libraries have faced many types of issues concerning censorship since early in its history. With the rise in popularity in electronic technology, the most recent target of censorship has been the internet, moving past the age old medium of printed material.

The internet has grown in popularity from a private government program that connected elite scholars and scientist in the wake of nuclear attack to a very public medium where one is able to obtain information if any kind. Since one of the purpose of a public library is to grant free access of information to it’s patrons, it was inevitable that public libraries would move to bring the internet into their buildings so that their patrons would have access. With the internet each person can choose the type of information that they would like to access without having the “hand of the library” to choose for them.

Many think that the instant access to the insurmountable amount of information that is stored on the internet may not be used solely for intellectual purposes. Many think that access to certain parts of the internet should not be accessible to the general public.

By reviewing the following:
1. How the Government Tried to Censor the Internet
2. Arguments for Censorship of the Internet
3. Arguments against Censorship of the Internet
it will be shown that a broad censorship ruling by the government is not necessary and is detrimental to free speech and free access to information.

How the Government Tried to Censor the Internet
The government has attempted to control access to material that is deemed “not suitable for public viewing”. One of the government’s first attempts to do this was with the Communications Decency Act of 1996. Many parts of this act were deemed unconstitutional so the act failed. Two years later, Congress tried another attempt to censor the internet with the Child Online Protection Act of 1998 (Fourie & Dowell p.216) This act posed a narrower view of censorship of the internet:

“Child Online Protection Act makes it a crime for anyone, by means of the World Wide Web, to make any communication for commercial purposes that is harmful to minors…”(Center for Democracy and Technology. Available: (Accessed August 4, 2000))

Arguments For Censorship of the Internet
The main reason why so many have campaigned for the censorship of the internet in public libraries is to protect the interest of children. With the internet having such a broad range of information, which includes pornography along with many educational materials, many have wanted to restrict children’s access to some of those websites that many have deemed inappropriate. Gary Glenn, president of the Michigan branch of the American Family Association (AFA) made a valiant push for censorship of the internet of the public library in Holland, Michigan. Glenn argued;

“Libraries need filters because children may accidentally stumble across pornography on the internet and become permanently scarred by it.”(Church & State April, 2000, p.18)

This same sentiment has been voiced by concerned parents, wanting to make sure that their children did not have full access to the “unacceptable” websites on the internet. Linda McCulloch of Colorado Springs, Colorado dislikes letting her fourteen year old son visit the local public library in fear that her son will become susceptible to the whims of the internet. McCulloch stated that;

“We need some kind of filtering system. The internet has things that are holy and it has things that are horrific.”(Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service August 4, 1999, p.8)

Arguments against the Censorship of the Internet
As said before, the claim protecting children has been the basis of most of the arguments for censorship of the internet. Many opponents of the censorship of the internet say that these claims are overblown and exaggerated. In a viewpoint submitted to the National Commission on Library and Information Science on December 14, 1998, it clearly stated that there was not a distinct connection with public library internet access and the “predation by pedophiles”.(Free Speech, p.1)

Many opponents of the censorship of the internet continue to say that current internet restrictions may hinder the legitimate use of the internet and do it in a discriminatory way.

Current internet filters filter websites on the basis of certain words so that those looking for information on breast cancer, for instance, would be denied access to that information. In the court case Mainstream Loudoun vs. Loudoun County Library Board, the Mainstream Loudoun opinion (written by a judge who was a former librarian), wrote that the current filters on their libraries computers were unconstitutional. This opinion also stated that there was little or no evidence that unfiltered internet access was harmful.

“The only evidence to which defendant can point in support of it’s argument that the Policy is necessary consists of a record of a single complaint arising from internet use in another Virginia library and reports of isolated incidents in three other libraries across the county.”(Free Speech, p.2)
In taking in both sides of the argument of internet censorship, one could come to the conclusion that although there is evidence to suggest that children should not be privy to some material that is contained on the internet, there is not enough evidence to create a federal mandate that would require all public libraries to introduce filters in their libraries. To deal with this conflict, public libraries should be free to determine the amount censorship in their own libraries. The amount of censorship should be consistent with the values of the community that they serve, much like the way that it chooses the books, magazines, and newspapers that it places on its shelves.

(April 2000). Michigan Town Rejects Censorship Plan For Public Library. Church & State. p.18
Barbour, S. (2000) Free Speech Retrieved 11/19/03 Gale Viewpoints Resource Center: Http://
Fourie, D. & Dowell, D. (2002) Libraries in the Information Age. Colorado: Libraries Unlimited.
Sampson, O. (1999). Censoring the Internet; a technological twist on an age old debate. Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service. p. K6731

Saturday, December 15, 2007

Publishing Group Becomes Bookmark's New Page In 2008

Bookmark Enterprises, ION Consultants' parent company is announcing its plans to try its hand in books.

15 West Publishing is scheduled to launch the beginning of 2008.

In addition to publishing fiction and non-fiction titles, 15 West will provide proofreading and editing services, replacing those offered by ION Consultants.

With several titles already "ear marked" for publication, 15 West will stay in the realm of Bookmark's mission and strive to bring quality publishing services to both the new and experienced writers.

Wednesday, December 12, 2007

The "Oprah Bouce" Effect On the Presidential Election

Over the past two decades, America has experienced Oprah Winfrey’s entertainment empire blossom from a insignificant seedling to a fully fledged chrysanthemum, voluptuous and full of color.

Born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, Ms. Winfrey was given her name from a misspelling on her birth certificate and has made her way to becoming the wealthiest Black woman in the United States.

Starting as a television anchor, Oprah quickly saw her sights for bigger and better things. From hosting her own television show, which led to her appearing in the big screen adaptation of one of her favorite novels, “The Color Purple”, to producing her own films (Beloved), Ms. Winfrey has gone on to single handed increase the popularity of celebrities such as Dr. Phil. With a single mention of a novel on her daily television talk show, which has on average 8.4 million viewers a day, she can take it from never being heard of to number one on the Best Seller’s list just as fast as you can turn the channel.

With her recent endorsement of the Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama, many are wondering if the so coined term “Oprah Bounce” will work in the political arena. Though Ms. Winfrey’s touch has helped so many, with any successful person, for every few triumphs, there is at least one failure that has been brushed under the rug. The queen of talk is not exception to this rule.

3. Rachael Ray Overkill
2. Oprah's YouTube Channel 1. Winfrey’s endorsement of the controversial self-help program 'The Secret'.

Will Oprah’s endorsement be a Obama’s saving grace, or will her interference be the downfall of another man’s future?

Personally, I think that the former will prevail. Either way, no one can doubt the elegant orator that Oprah has become.

Monday, November 19, 2007

Going Out Of Town For A Job Interview....What To Expect

With the world getting smaller and smaller due to globalization, it is getting more and more frequent. Case in point. Just a few weeks ago, I traveled to Philadelphia to interview for a job. In doing so, there were a few things that must be taken care of before you leave.

You have to get there some how. If you are a highly sought after potential employee, you should have no qualms about asking for your suitor to pay for your travel expenses. At least least, a reimbursement clause.

On the other end, If you are the one who is pushing for the position, you are going to have to be prepared to flip the bill for travel.

More times than not, there will be some type of compromise, either your potential employer will furnish the lodging arrangements, but you will have to flip the bill for travel or vice versa.

During your interview, you should expect to have an escort to show you around and lead you from place to place. That is, if there are several different offices in which you must visit while you are in town. If there is only a one stop interview, than don't expect the guided tour.

Once the interview is complete, you should always make sure you have an established timeline as when you should hear a yea or nae on if you have been chosen for the position. There is nothing worse than waiting several months only to find out via snail mail that your potential employer had chosen a "more qualified" (i.e. a candidate who will do the job for less money) candidate to fill the position.

Happy hunting!

Friday, November 16, 2007

Men's Gym Fashion....An Observation

Most recently, I have taken up a re newed interest in my health. Along with changing my diet, cutting back on drinking and smoking, I have started to explore different ways to workout in the gym, such as playing basketball and lifting weights. In high-school I was not a stranger to the gym, but it has been over a decade since then. During a recent trip to Philadelphia, I visited the 12th Street Gym, located downtown and noticed some changing trends in men's gym fashion.

In the past several decades, men with steroid filled veins and paper-thin muscle tees have ruled the gym as though they were cocks in a hen house. Their over sized arms and elephantine legs made many of us lesser enabled guys slightly humbled every time we showed our face (or should I say our chicken legs) next to them, in fear of looking foolish in the wake of most of these behemoths.

Now-a-days, the tides are changing and in greater numbers. Men are gaining confidence in their appearance, and placing more emphasis on what they wear instead of what’s underneath. One does not have to look far past the evolution of college and pro basketball wear to find an example.

With this boom, the sale of clothing gear for the fitness industry has sky rocketed accordingly. This onslaught of men’s exercise fashion has given way to mistakes in buying the type of gear that will most effectively aid in your fitness endeavors and these miscalculations can be made at a price that will not cause you to lose weight where you do not want to, and that’s in your wallet.
As men, there is no need to transcend back to our school aged days. When heading to the gym, we should not be afraid to choose the kind of workout gear that will show off your best attributes without ‘showing them out’.

Under Armour workout gear offers great style that will accommodate you in the gym. When sportin’ Under Armor’s HeatGear Full Tee ($49.00) as a top and their Microshort ($24.99) for a bottom you will fill like the king of the roost without looking like a buzzard. The HeartGear Full Tee is re-engineered for action in the gym. It features ArmourGri technology and raglan sleeves with flat lock stitching to keep you mobile. HeatGear fabric collaborates with strategic ventilation zones to keep you cool and dry. This is necessary when working out in a musty gym so that your armpits do not look as though they had a small dark haired child in a head-lock. Under Armor’s made from stretch micro fiber to deliver HeatGear performance with a relaxed fit. It includes a 7-inch inseam and a 10-inch rise.

This being said, some men just cannot get past the insecurity of being in a gym and opt to
have their fitness training out doors, the way nature intended. Now that the winter season has bit us on the back of the leg, the same attire that you wear while pumping iron in an unventilated gym, is not the same prescription for attire when training outside with Dale and the other chipmunks. If you choose Hind men's Varsity Long Sleeve ($49.99) for a top and the Under Armour men's Side Pant ($54.99) for a bottom, you would be well on your way to a perfectly comfortable out door workout.

The Hind men’s Varsity Long Sleeve features a combination of smooth-face, moisture management fabric and mesh fabric that provides inherent stretch, wicking, and ventilation. dryLETE technology moves moisture away from your skin to keep you cool and dry, and front and back reflectivity increase your visibility in low light, great for those evening runs in the winter. Yes you still sweat when it’s cold outside.

Under Armour men’s Side Pant delivers comfort and performance from the first stretch to game time. With a 4-way stretch and an athletic cut, these features help you keep up with the action, and the strategic mesh works with AllSeasonGear moisture management to keep you dry and comfortable. This track pant features an elastic waistband with inside drawstring, ankle zips, and zippered side pockets. It does not matter if you are sweating to the oldies inside a world class fitness facility or trying to endure your training on a cool, windy winter morning, you are going to have to have protection on your feet that is conducive to blood circulation, give you the correct arch support and, most importantly, stop that special someone dead in their tracks when they see you dash by.

Nike’s Shox Explodine ($99.99) is the ultimate training shoe to prepare for the gridiron. Its synthetic upper with laser details, this unit has a stability bridge and with its aggressive non-marking traction pattern out sole and lateral outrigger, you will be running for miles with the ease of striding from your bark-a-lounger to the fridge.

Now get off the couch have fun, stay safe and work out hard!

Friday, November 9, 2007

The Elusive Quest for Growth

The Elusive Quest for growth, written by William Easterly is an economic text that chronicles some of the reasons that some countries are able to become prosperous and the reasons why other countries are not able to ‘cut the mustard, as some would say. In the prologue, the books tarts off with a definition of what is meant by the Elusive Dream. We find out that the ‘Elusive Dream’ is nothing more than trying to find the recipe of wealth that some small poor countries have found.

The book goes on in Chapter One to list some of the ramifications of living in a poor county. The author shoes us some examples where the poorer the country, usually, the higher infant mortality rate is, which means that the wealthier the country or individual is, healthier they are. The relationship to wealth and starvation rates is also presented. Here we see the correlation between hunger and wealth. We find out that the poorer the county the hungrier its citizens are. Also, poor countries are much more susceptible to being oppressed or taken advantage of by other, more powerful countries because of dept that may be owed to them. This fact leads us to say that poorer counties’ poverty rate grows more quickly than in other, wealthier countries.

The author leads us to the realization that economists had different theories of how smaller, less developed and poorer countries could catch up to the wealthier, more advanced ones in chapter two. Theories by Lewis, Rostow are presented and the fact that some economists stressed the ability to save and invest as one way to gain power is shown.

Chapter three sets the tone for the book and gives us a perspective of the stance that the author is trying to prove in this book. We find out that the author theorizes that the current formula for dispensing aid to poor countries is not effective or efficient. The correlation of aid to investment to GDP is almost non-existent. Also, we see that the investment in capital without investment on labor does not constitute success and we also see that advances in technology must be considered in the equation.

In the next chapter, the author tells us that education is one of the principle means to human development. He explains that in the years spanning 1960 to 1990 there was an explosion in schooling. This growth was favorable in Asia and the western countries but not so favorable in sub Saharan Africa with the exception of Botswana. Some said that education was the key to economic growth but from examples presented in this chapter, we find out that it is not the case. There are economists that argue that the correlation in the investment and saving in physical and human capital can explain 78% of per capita income differences among nations.

Chapter five brings another disputer issue as to what would help poor undeveloped counties in their quest for growth. Here we see how population factors in to this quest. Some economists theorize that the more people that are in the population of a country, the higher the GDP. There are holes in this theory. Lester Brown stated that population grows faster than the number of jobs in poorer countries. Also it is stated that world population growth does not vary enough to explain variation in per capita growth and that there is no real correlation between the two. The fact that population growth could cause a positive outcome is not discounted. Two positives for population growth were theorized to be “the genius principle” and the possibility of more technological innovations and advancements.

Moving on, chapter six brings yet another theory in the quest for growth. Over the yeas, the IMF and the World Bank have given loans and other types of aid to help in the growth of nations or to bail them out of trouble. Once aid is given, many economists thought that this would be the solution. The author shows us how this was not the case in Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. The exceptions were the countries of Ghana and Peru. With this aid, there were many stipulations that were imposed, so that the country that is receiving the aid did not fall into the same trap. In most cases where aid was given and there weren’t any stipulations of policy change imposed, the aid never accomplished what it was set forth to do. The author gives us an example of Russia and also gives several things that should be imposed by the government so that debt does not consume the country. The author points out that it is now the ‘trend’ for countries to change policies when aid is given. In concluding this chapter, the author suggests that aid be based on the past performance of governments and not their future promises.

In the following chapter, the author talks about some of the reasons that poor countries obtained high budgets deficits to be that it should have been stipulated that forgiveness of loans and dept should only be done once and recognizing that the debt burden of the poor countries came about because of lending by IMF, World Bank and donors in the face of withdrawal of private and other types of lenders.

Chapter eight also brings the beginning of the third section of the book. Here is where the author introduces to us the fact that knowledge does not remain with its original owner and the fact that some countries get involved in spending circles. Some are virtuous and some are not. Some of the reasons that countries are caught in a non-virtuous spending circle is because potential investors are not rewarded for social contributions.

The next chapter introduces that fact that luck can play a large part in some countries growth and went on to state that luck causes fluctuations around a long term trend determined by more fundamental factors. Chapter eleven went on so reiterated the fact that people and potential investors respond positively to incentives.

The last three chapters of the book gives instructions and strategies that need to be followed so that growth could be established, states that income distribution was the cause of some poor countries continuing to stay poor and concludes with the statement that there is not a magical formula to bring prosperity to the masses and that there are many different things that influences growth.

Saturday, October 27, 2007

Put Your Money Where Your Heart Is

In the ever striated competition between big business competitors, many larger firms are looking for the next "un-tapped"market to sink their teeth into. One of those markets is the over criticized and under estimated gay and lesbian market.

One morning, David Morganlander heard an ad aimed at gay man looking for a date and decided the time was right for national advertisers to target gays and lesbians on a larger scale than they ever had before. Six months later, Mr. Morganlander was president of marketing for Otopiaia Media, which helps companies and their advertising agencies reach gays and lesbians. His firm joins a growing roster of companies serving an increasingly large group of advertisers keen to reach gay audiences.

The reason for advertisers' interest is the annual buying power of the approximately 15 million-strong gay and lesbian population that adds up to $485 billion, according to marketing firm Witeck-Combs Communications.

In a suburb of Chicago, Ill., Oak Park real estate agent Donna Karpavicius decided to specialize in marketing to gays and lesbians. "I had virtually no competition," the Prudential agent recalls of her early career on the city's Northwest Side. "Unfortunately--for me, anyway--there's a lot more now."

Although other gay-related issues have made "breakthrough" headlines, the real estate business quietly has turned the once-taboo practice of marketing to gay consumers into a coveted specialty.

Certainly, real estate isn't alone in trying to latch onto the gay bandwagon as it rushes by with its mother load of marketing potential. Companies such as Ford Motor Co., United Airlines and Starbucks Corp are a few examples of businesses that have had same-sex-couple ad campaigns aimed at gays.Another firm, Cincinnati, OH based Procter & Gamble, is on the forefront of this new wave of marketing. P&G is a cautious advertiser. And as one of the country's largest, it has a lot of clout. So when it does something drastic with its advertising dollars, other companies pay attention. So its decision to pull its advertising on nationally syndicated radio talk show host Dr. Laura Schlessinger's TV show after protests over remarks that offended gays and lesbians was an eye opener on many fronts. It was not only a significant acknowledgement of the economic power and voice of the nation's gay community, but also of the decisions that television executives must now consider when delivering programs in a more competitive TV world.Because of P&G's alliance with gays and lesbians, many conservative groups have called for a boycott of the company's products. There were reports that two influential conservative Christian groups were calling for a boycott of two best-selling products of P&G to protest a statement on the company's internal web site that opposes a local statute to exempt gays and lesbians from special civil rights protection. The group's contention was that the company is implicitly supporting same-sex marriage.

My study of economics has taught me to be weary of the proceedings of large corporations such as P&G. Most big business has continuously hurt the American people by outsourcing jobs to foreign lands and have a history of exploiting foreign labor. But I do have to put me stamp of approval of the non-lethargic way that P&G has repeatedly stood its ground on issues concerning the gay and lesbian community.Buy P&G and buy big.

(Although they could cut the price a bit of their razors)

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 9)

Economic goods have many different meanings, but most agrees that an economic good is a commodity or service that can be utilized to satisfy human wants and that has exchange value. The specific meaning of an economic good takes on different meanings depending on its intended use. Similarly, the definition of information can slightly change depending on how it is used and despite its ubiquitous nature; can be seen as an economic good. Examples of information as an economic good can be seen with the analysis of the business of selling cataloged information via electronic databases and the public’s use of public libraries.

Economics may offer insights into the dynamic of information. (Coiera 216) and one thing that many companies strive for is to create a product that you can produced at no cost. Information is that product. What makes information the perfect economic good can be explained by Varian. As previously stated, Varian reveals the fact that that information has an extremely high fixed cost in compilation with a low (marginal) cost to reproduce the same information. The production of information, say in the form of creating a database, is characterized by significant economies of scale, high entry costs and a consequent tendency towards natural monopolies, in which specialists suppliers dominate specific sectors. So even though the start up cost or the cost of obtaining/producing the information may be extremely expensive, the cost to reproduce the information is non-existent. Meaning that company that sells the information can continue to obtain revenue from the same information without accruing any additional marginal cost. Therefore, creating the perfect economic good.

Andrews, Biggs, Mary and Seidel, Michael. The Columbia World of Quotations.1st.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Bates, Benjamin “The Economics of Information and Intellectual Property: Creating a Social Economics Approach. 06 Apr. 2006

Bates, Benjamin. "Information as an Economic Good: A Reevaluation of Theoretical Approaches." Mediation, Information, & Communication - Information & Behavior (1990): 379-394.

Britz, J.J. "When is it good to steal?." School of Information Technology. 06 Apr. 2006 .

Campan, Gael. "Does Justice Qualify as an Economic Good?: A Bohm-Bawerkian Perspective." The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 2(1999): 21-33.

(Gael 21-33)

Coiera, Enrico. "Information Economics and the Internet." Journal Of The American Medical Informatics Association Aug 2000: 215-221.

Golderman , Gail . "Getting Down to Business." Library Journal 128(2003): 38-43

Kyrk, Hazel . "The Income Distribution as a Measure of Economic Welfare." Economic Review 30.2 (2005): 342-356.

Laperche, Blandine. "The Hidden Face of Electronic Commerce Between Enterprises." Information & Commerce Technology Law 10.3 (2001): 273-283.

Lopez, Andres. The Impact of Protection of Non-Original Databases on the contries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Diss. World Intellectual Property Organization, 2002. Geneva

Lossee, Robert. "A Discipline Independant Definition of Information." Journal of the American Society of Information Science 48(1997): 189-283.

Sholle, David. "What is Informatio? The Flow of Bits and the Control of Chaos." M.I.T Communications Forum. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 21 May 2006 .

Varian, Hal. "Markets for Information Goods." University of California, Berkley. , Berkley. April 1998.

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 8)


Bohm-Bawerk theorized the importance or establishing ownership of information and wrote extensively on how human beings struggle for control of this good. (Campen 24) With most economic goods, control of that good is determined by possession, which can be assessed by physical possession. The qualities of information deter it from being possessed physically so other means of determining ownerships must be set. Bohm-Bawerk goes on to say that integration of the legal right (ownership) to Information as ownership (Campen 25)

Also, information is only able to acquire the proper market price when some form of monopoly protects it, as through the protection of a patent or copyright, which is the usual recourse for creating value and protecting investment. (Coiera 217) Debates on the subject of intellectual property rights (IPRs) have expanded to a vast extent, not only in the main developed countries but also in the international negotiating arena so much that some say that the creation of new IPRs for databases could upset the balance between protection and dissemination, tipping it dangerously towards the former. (Lopez 2) Jeremy Bentham observed some 200 years ago when discussing the usefulness of patents, IPRs are monopolies that encourage the production of things that, were it not for the promise of exclusive appropriability by virtue of IPRs, would probably never have created. (Lopez 7) That being said, its clear on the one hand that, in spite of the existence of both legislation and technological means that could protect investment in the creation and maintenance of databases, there are problems not only with the enforcement of relevant contracts and laws, but also with the “circumvention” of technological protection measures, all of which inflicts monetary losses on database owners (not only operating in the private sector but also, in many cases, being State bodies). (Lopez 3)

Today, legal protection for “non original” databases only exist in the European Union (EU), Mexico and some Nordic counties. In the USA, various bills have been put forward on the subject but none approved. (Lopez 5)

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 7)


Public libraries are one of the most successful houses of information to date. Carnegie had it right when he invested all that money into creating a system where everyday citizens can obtain information. After it was all said and done, Carnegie funded total of 2,507 libraries: 1,689 in the United States; Carnegie's libraries played an important role in the education, politics, finance and social development of the United States as a house for information. Carnegie's establishment of many public libraries is one of the most important events in the history of the American public library.

The system of pooling money from the public to sustain this institution has been a great way to keep it going. Each public library has established it own way of collecting money to fund their library system. The Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County shares a pool of money that is funded by the State of Ohio and Kenton County Public Library is funded by shares of property taxes just in Kenton County. Through out one day, thousands of people visit and use public Libraries to check out books, use the internet, take cooking classes, and perform in depth research. Basically, they visit the library to obtain information. Julia Allegrini, Branch Librarian at Kenton County Public Library’s Mary Ann Mongan Branch located in Covington, KY says that the attendance at her library rivals that of a small amusement park. Anything that draws in that many people has economic potential.

In April 2001, two studies were released which showed to what effect that Americans use public libraries. “Public Library Use and Economic Hard Times” was put out by the University of Illinois and the American Library Association’s “Attitudes Towards Public Libraries” were both commissioned by Chicago based American Library Association (ALA) as part of its five-year Campaign for America's Libraries. The ALA contracted with the University Of Illinois Library Research Center (LRC) to study library use over the last five years at U.S. public libraries that serve populations of 1 million or more. Using data from just a few of those large libraries, the study found that circulation has increased significantly since March 2001, when the National Bureau of Economic Research made clear the beginning of a recession. Using statistical analysis, the LRC found that circulation in March 2001 was 8.3 percent higher than would be expected from the trend observed since January 1997. Following the events of September 11, circulation in October 2001 exceeded the trend by 11.3 percent.

"This data confirms what librarians have seen from experience… that people turn to their libraries and librarians," said ALA President John W. Berry. "Libraries are America's great information equalizers - the only place people of all ages and backgrounds can find and freely use such a diversity of resources, along with the expert guidance of librarians."

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 6)


One information good that follows Bates thought that information has a utility and follows Varian’s reasoning of bypassing the three areas of concerns are electronic databases. There is no uniform definition of what is meant by databases from the legal or economic point of view (Lopez 9) but according to, an electronic database is an organized collection of electronic records that can easily be searched using specific software. In the European Directive 96/9 EC article 1.2 it states that a database is “a collection of independent works, data or other materials arranged in a systematic or methodical way and individually accessible by electronic or other means” (Lopez 9)

This would include telephone directories or university courses, including things as diverse as genetic or satellite information banks, dictionaries, meteorological records, horse racing results, TV program guides, collection of legal, commercial or financial information newspapers, libraries (both physical and digital), company brochures medicinal vademecums, compilation of natural or experimental observations in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, etc.; indexes made by Internet search software agents may also come under this definition. (Lopez 9)

With developed countries being the main producers and consumers of databases (Lopez 3) many their companies have categorized information about their service or product and placed them in an electronic database and have charged patrons a fee to access this. A very popular example of this phenomenon is the fact that most major metropolitan newspapers have started to charge a fee for browsing back-issues of the newspapers. In addition to newspapers, there are companies whose sole purpose is to collect information, catalog it and sell access to the information.

With the onslaught of lower quality information that can be obtained cheaply, specific areas are more than willing to pay a lot of money for good information. Clinicians pay for subscriptions to journals or purchase texts to maintain their skills, knowledge and professional standing. Pharmaceutical companies are happy to pay physicians for data about their prescribing behaviors so that the data can be arranged to reveal prescribing patterns for the companies’ products. (Coiera 217) Also, producers may obtain more revenue for individual information items if they bundle them with other, disparate items and then sell access to the whole package to recover their fixed costs through creative pricing and marketing. (Coiera 220)

LexisNexis and EbscoHost are two very large collections of information where thousands of people and organizations, public and private, pay to use. In “Getting Down to Business”, a review by Gail Golderman and Bruce Connolly of electronic databases, a synopsis of the contents of a few of the larger databases can be found. The following are a few examples.

Company: ProQuest Information and Learning
A leading source of international business information for more than 30 years, is considered by many to be an essential resource for colleges, universities, and business schools. With a front-end searching and display interface produced by ProQuest Information and Learning, the database remains at the top of the list for the study of business conditions and industry specific topics worldwide.

Database: Business & Company Resource Center
Company: Gale Group
Integrates worldwide coverage for company profiles, industry profiles, and 3650 business periodicals, of which 2600 are available in full text. Company pro-files are offered for U.S. and international public and private companies. The database details 4600+ worldwide company histories and chronologies, which are updated annually; investment reports; financials; rankings; suits and claims; and product and industry reviews. It also offers valuable access to business journal news and analysis, consumer marketing data, emerging technology reports, and 20-minute delayed stock quotes.

Database: RDS Business Reference Suite
Company: Gale Group
A collection of three highly complementary business information databases, originally produced by Responsive Database Services (now part of the Gale Group family). Business & Industry, Business & Management Practices, and TableBase are particularly strong for company and industry analysis. In combination, they form a powerful resource that provides access to company and industry news, management practices, and market research information. Since they are three distinct products, institutions may elect to purchase each separately. The Business Reference Suite contains 1400+ business sources, 60 percent of which are full text and nearly half are international in scope.

Database: Business Source Premier
Company: EBSCOHost Publishing
Emphasis on research-oriented and scholarly business literature. Of the 3350 titles from 1965 to the present, over 80 percent are available in full text, and of these 911 are peer-reviewed.

So, while some electronic journals may make it’s contents available free to the public, it may provide extra services to its fee paying subscribers, such as the ability to see articles prior to general release, advanced search and current awareness notification services, higher-resolution images, and access to links to related materials. (Coiera 221) As you can see, the information that is contained in some of these databases could be very valuable to organizations, businesses or individuals. With millions of people paying a fee to access the information contained in each of these databases, or a combination of databases, we see that information definitely has a value attached, has a utility, and with the fact that people can print out information obtained from these databases, can be transferred. Additional things that makes information an economic good is the uncertainty of the precise outcome of production or exchange of information goods, the infinite reproductability of information and that the transfer of information goods to another does not diminish the stock of the information held by the first holder and information is reproducible at next to no cost.

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 5)


One reason that information is said not to be a good is because it cannot be consumed. What information consumes is rather obvious. It consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence, a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention. (Coiera 221) The evidence that points towards information not being an economic good, reversely, can also be used to prove that the characteristics of Information falls well within the definition of being an economic good.

According to Bates, information possesses the several attributes that other economic goods have (Bates 380). Again, Bates states that information has a utility, it can be transferred and most importantly, it has the capability of having value attached to it (Bates 381), which are all attributes of other economic goods such as computers, livestock or lumber. Varian also explains how his three areas of concerns about information being an economic good can easily be disputed. Varian spells out three ways that the fact that you must first experience information before one know what is really is can be thwarted by previewing the information, obtaining reviews of the information or purchasing information simply on the reputation of the information.

Friday, October 26, 2007

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 4)


Economic goods, for the most part, take on a tangible quality. In other words, economic goods are easily traded by categorizing their physical attributes. Automobiles are bought and sold as in unit(s). Similarly, in Saudi Arabia, oil is sold by the barrel and in the Midwestern states; corn is bought by the bushel. The intangible nature of information has been a major argument for information to not be considered an economic good by some economists. Thomas Jefferson succeeded in capturing the social benefits that could come from the free dissemination of ideas (information) in that they have properties that are clearly different from other economic goods.

“…If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of exclusive properties, it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively posses as long as he keeps it to himself, but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself to the possession of every one , and the receiver can not dispossess himself of it. …That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, when she made hem, like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density in any point, and like the air in which we breathe…incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation”
(Lopez 7)

Some say that information is not an economic good because information is not actually consumed and can be reproduced and distributed at almost no cost. (Coiera 215) Many economists have gone as far as to say that since information does not have a precise definition or the ability to be quantified, it has no place in the realm of economic goods. (Bates 380) When looking at the dynamics of information as an economic good, there are many different opinions on if information can be an economic good or not, as noted in the beginning of this paper. Bates states that there are three reasons why information should not be an economic good. The fact that it is very unclear as to if information is a public or private good; the uncertainty of weather advertising could be considered information and that information fails to meet conditions of social efficiency all contribute to reasoning why information is not an economic good. “In Markets for Information Goods”, Hal Varian of the University of California, Berkley, also gives three areas that information causes difficulties in market transactions. Varian address the fact that one must experience information before one knows what it really is because of its intangible nature, as opposed to something that is tangible. Varian goes on the relay the fact that information has an extremely high fixed cost in compilation with a low (marginal) cost to reproduce the same information. Lastly, Varian concludes that information and its goods are nonexcludable. (Varian)

In addition to the aforementioned reasons, some think that information does not qualify as an economic good because of its ease of reproduction. While production costs are typically high and fixed for information products, these products can be copied cheaply (and indefinitely if they are in a digital format). The master copy of a book, movie, or soundtrack is expensive to produce but cheap to copy. Creating and maintaining the information content of a web site is expensive, but making copies of the information for consumers who visit the site costs almost nothing. In economic terms, the marginal costs of reproduction for information goods are low. Worse, initial production costs are “sunk.” In that they are incurred prior to mass reproduction and cannot be recovered in the case of failure. (Coiera 217)

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 3)


Information has been difficult to define in and of itself, let alone defining it as an economic good. The actual nature of the information produced and distributed by information technology remains abstract and under-defined (Scholle). Instead of being a tangible object that one can hold in their hand, information is more of a concept, having similar traits as that of a conceptual idea, adding to the naysayer’s argument that information is not an economic good. This idea that information does not hold the same qualities of a physical economic good and therefore, should be left out of the realm of all other classes of economic goods has been a prevalent economic concept. To analyze the way that information does not qualify as an economic good, one must first have a baseline definition describing what is meant when one says “information”.

The original meaning of the word “information” derives from the Latin, informare, which means “to put into form”. “Informing” therefore carries the sense of “imparting learning or instruction” or more generally conveys the sense “to tell (one) of something”. As Webster points out, the semantic definition of information conveys that “information is meaningful, it has a subject, it is intelligence or instruction about something of someone.” (Scholle) Relying on the Internet, the following definitions of information is found:

· a message received and understood
· data: a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data"
· knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

Because of the nature and the omnipotent features that information and information goods possess, there are many different uses and definitions of information dependant on how information is used. Each discipline has its own way of defining information. According to Robert Losse, in his paper entitled, “A Discipline Independent Definition of Information”, he states that electronic engineer’s concern, when speaking of information, would be to create a product that could transmit the most amount of information (bits of information) in the shortest amount of time.

Conversely, those who work with communications and are scholars of communication are more concerned about mass media’s overloading of information (Losses 254). Losses goes on the give a definition of information that can be used interdisciplinary and which can be used in any facet. His definition is as follows:

The characteristics of the output of a process, these being informative about a process and the input. (Losses 254)

Economic institutions that are instrumental in defining “information”, is one in which information is emptied of any relation to “meaning”. Within the limits of specific disciplines this non semantic use of the term “information” is, at times, applied in a carefully circumscribed manner, but this field may undergo an extension in which it applies itself to processes where the semantic definition of information normally holds sway.(Scholle)

Thursday, October 4, 2007

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 2)


The question of what is an economic good is not a difficult one to answer, but because there are so many things that could fall under the category as a “good” (Campen 22) and several different economists have varying opinions as to what an economic good is and what characteristics that it should possess a universal definition is not easy to locate. The type of definition that is used is dependant on which economic theory that is practiced. Going to the first place that most of us beginning the search for knowledge, the internet, a few different definitions were found. A synopsis of the definitions that were found using this medium consists of the following:

• a physical object or service that has value to people and can be sold for a non-negative price in the marketplace. (

Moving on to more respectable sources, more reputable definitions are found. C. E. Ferguson defined an economic good in broad terms, quite similar to those found by searching the internet. Ferguson stated that an economic good is:

The ends through which the goals of economic actors are achieved. (Bates 380)

Marshal, another economist did not stray from the concept of generality by defining an economic good when he stated:

Represent all desirable things, or things that satisfy human wants. (Bates 380)

Another definition found states that an economic good are things that are, to be sure, “goods” but not means to an end. (Campen 22) Apart from an item or concept being defined as an economic good, it must also be known as a good. (Campen 24) Taking into account these definitions, a conclusive definition of anything that can be bought, sold, or exchanged can be categorized as an economic good.

Friday, September 21, 2007

Information: The Perfect Economic Good (Part 1)

Information is the oxygen of the modern age. It seeps through the walls topped by barbed wire; it wafts across the electrified borders.
-Ronald Regan 1989 (Andrews)

Through out the ages, many people and organizations, both public and private have ceaselessly tried to find ways to create and distribute products that will bring the greatest amount of profit. Businesses, organizations and individuals produce, market and sell millions of items each day in order to get more money in return than they spent to produce the item. Even in the early age, civilizations were trying to get the most for their seashells. As societies evolved, goods that were traded moved from tangible items to the intangible. Instead of simply trading tangible goods such as livestock and jewelry, and semi-tangible goods such as services and labor, trade have increasingly started to encompass goods that do not have a physical form and that can not be counted. As so poetically alluded to by Ronald Reagan in the aformentioned quotation, information and its goods have become a formidable economic good that dominates trade in certain areas, though information is traded in today’s society, the thought of many economists, both traditional and contemporary has thwarted the notion that information could be considered an economic good. The type of economic discipline that one follows determines in which way that some economists deny information entry into the category as an economic good. In the following analysis, examples of economic goods are examined in order to give a basis as to what is meant when talking about an “economic good”. The characteristics and definitions of Information, as it pertains to economics and economic goods, will also be analyzed, along with ways that Information and its goods and technology are used in commerce. Through this careful examination of the definition and characteristics of an economic good and Information, and comparing their characteristics it will be proven that Information is in fact an economic good, and one that should be taken seriously.

(continued in the weeks to come)

Sunday, August 26, 2007

When Creating a Job Description

I came across this excerpt from a public relations manual from Dixie State University when looking for new ways to creating a job description.

Before beginning to write a job description determine the purpose of the position and the major outcomes that are desired with successful fulfillment of the job. Think of how the position fits into the larger picture of the goals of the College.

Describe the position first in terms of its major responsibilities, not incremental tasks. Tasks can be added for clarification. Eg. Responsible for receptionist duties such as answering the phones, greeting and assisting in-person customers, and sorting the mail. Each position generally has up to ten major responsibilities.

Expected outcomes and standards should be set forth while delineating the responsibilities. Consider the performance appraisal form and how an employee will be evaluated. A fair evaluation entails proper notification of expectations.

Eg. For receptionist duties: expect customers are treated courteously, efficiently and effectively, leaving their contact with the office satisfied that they have been served well.

Use the Job Description Form (HR1) to outline position responsibilities and skills required to successfully accomplish the job. The position is also defined by the grading job factors such as education and years of experience or technical experience required .

If you are creating a new job position, the description and grade must be first presented to the appropriate vice president or dean for approval and then is submitted to the Human Resources Department for assistance in College standardization and grade determination. The position and grade are presented to the College Council and President for approval.

Wednesday, August 22, 2007

FAQ: Cover Letters

Q: Do I really need a cover letter?

A: Everyone who sends out a resume does! Even if the cover letter never "came up" in conversation or was not mentioned in an advertisement, it is expected that write one to submit with your resume. A well-designed cover letter gives you another chance to emphasize what you have to contribute to the company or organization. Do not give your potential employer a second to entertain the thought: "But how can this person help US?" Your cover letter will answer that question for them.

Q: Should I just list all of the places that I have worked for in the past?

A: I would only list points that directly correspond with action items expressed in the job posting. For example, if the job posting states that they are looking for someone who has experience handling a sales volume of over 20k annually, than one of the things that you should mention in the cover letter that while you were with Company X, you handled accounts 25k and/or higher.

Q: Should I include salary requirements in the cover letter?

A: Include salary requirements in your cover letter only if requested to do so. and have great tools where you can research salaries in your area.

If you are still not comfortable with producing your own cover letter, you can always leave it up to the professionals. Check out my website, and I can produce a creative and professional cover letter that you can present with your resume.

Tuesday, August 21, 2007

FAQ: Resume Writing

Q: My resume is more than a page, should I leave out some of my past jobs in order to get my resume down to the recommended 1-page?

A: I would not recommend leaving out any position that would show potential employer your accomplishments and qualifications. In my experience of being a hiring manager, only those who are just returning to the workforce or a recent high school/college graduate submit a 1 page resume. If you have been gainfully employed for at least 10 years, it is not uncommon for your resume to be more than on page long.

Q: My objective is too long. What should I do about that?

A: Objectives on a resume take up space and detract from your resume. When a potential employer is glancing through hundreds of resumes, the last thing that they want to see is a paragraph of stifled text when are they really want to know about are your credentials.

Q: There are several “gaps” in my employment history. Should I say that I was employed during those times, even though I was not?

A: You should never mislead a potential employer about your qualifications and background. It could find a way to bite you in the end. Just because you were not employed, doesn’t mean that you were not using skills that a potential employer may be looking for. I would suggest consulting with a skills development officer or a resume writing service.


I would like to welcome you to ION Consultants blog.

Several years ago, I began assisting people and non-profit organizations with their resumes and other business/professional writings. Soon after, I launched my own small business assisting those who need help with business correspondence. Also, since I am a professional writer, and have been published in several print and online publication, I have expanded the business to offer editing, proof reading and re-writing services.

On this blog, you will find helpful hints concerning creative and professional writing along with ideas to help you succeed in life.

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